Oats are a good source of important vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants, including manganese, phosphorus, magnesium, iron, zinc, folate, and B vitamins like thiamine and pantothenic acid.
Oats are an excellent source of soluble fiber, particularly beta-glucan, which aids in slowing digestion, promoting a feeling of fullness, and helping to control blood sugar levels. This fiber also contributes to improved gut health by feeding beneficial gut bacteria.
The beta-glucan in oats has been shown to reduce LDL ("bad") cholesterol levels without affecting HDL ("good") cholesterol, thus helping to lower the risk of heart disease. Oats' antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties also contribute to heart health.
Due to their high fiber content and low glycemic index, oats can help regulate blood sugar levels by slowing down the absorption of sugar into the bloodstream. This may be particularly beneficial for people with diabetes.
Oats can aid in weight management due to their high fiber content, which helps increase satiety and reduce appetite. They can be a part of a balanced diet that supports weight loss or weight maintenance.
The fiber in oats supports digestive health by preventing constipation and promoting regular bowel movements. It also promotes the growth of beneficial gut bacteria, supporting a healthy gut microbiome.
Some studies suggest that the antioxidants found in oats, such as avenanthramides, may have anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer properties, potentially reducing the risk of certain types of cancer.
Oats contain compounds that may help soothe and relieve various skin conditions, such as itching, rashes, and eczema. Oatmeal baths or topical applications are often used to alleviate skin irritation.