High sugar intake, especially from added sugars in processed foods and beverages, can contribute to weight gain. Excess weight can lead to obesity, increasing the risk of various health issues.
Overconsumption of sugar can lead to insulin resistance, where cells become less responsive to insulin. This condition can elevate blood sugar levels and increase the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
Too much sugar intake has been linked to an increased risk of heart disease. It can elevate triglyceride levels, lower HDL (good) cholesterol, and raise blood pressure, all of which are risk factors for heart problems.
Excessive sugar consumption, especially from fructose, can lead to an accumulation of fat in the liver, potentially causing non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD).
Sugar is a major contributor to tooth decay. Bacteria in the mouth thrive on sugar, producing acids that can erode tooth enamel and lead to cavities.
Some studies suggest a link between high sugar intake and an increased risk of certain cancers, including pancreatic, colorectal, and breast cancers.
A diet high in sugar has been associated with an increased risk of depression and cognitive decline. High sugar consumption can affect mood swings and mental well-being.
Too much sugar can lead to the process of glycation, where sugar molecules attach to proteins, including collagen. This process can contribute to premature skin aging, making skin appear dull and less elastic.