Certain medications, including those for hyperthyroidism, chemotherapy, or medications with appetite-suppressant effects, can lead to weight loss.
Conditions such as hyperthyroidism, where the thyroid gland is overactive, can lead to unintentional weight loss. An overactive thyroid increases metabolism, causing the body to burn more calories.
Conditions like celiac disease, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), or chronic pancreatitis can interfere with nutrient absorption, leading to weight loss.
Uncontrolled diabetes, especially type 1 diabetes, can cause rapid weight loss. Insulin deficiency prevents the body from using glucose properly, leading to the breakdown of fat and muscle for energy.
Some cancers, particularly those affecting the digestive system, can lead to weight loss. Cancer treatments such as chemotherapy can also cause appetite loss and weight loss.
Conditions that affect the absorption of nutrients in the small intestine, such as Crohn's disease or celiac disease, can result in weight loss due to nutrient deficiencies.
Persistent infections, such as tuberculosis or HIV/AIDS, can lead to weight loss. The body's increased metabolic demands to fight infection can contribute to calorie expenditure.
Conditions like depression, anxiety, or eating disorders can impact appetite and eating habits, resulting in unintended weight loss.