Focuses on low-carbohydrate, high-fat intake to induce a state of ketosis, where the body burns fat for fuel. It often involves strict carb restrictions.
Emphasizes whole, nutrient-dense foods such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and healthy fats like olive oil.
Not a specific diet but an eating pattern that alternates between periods of eating and fasting. Common methods include the 16/8 method or the 5:2 approach.
Encourages eating foods presumed to have been available to humans during the Paleolithic era, such as lean meats, fish, fruits, vegetables, nuts, and seeds, while excluding processed foods and grains.
Designed to prevent and manage hypertension, the DASH diet promotes a balanced intake of fruits, vegetables, lean proteins, and whole grains while limiting salt.
Emphasizes plant-derived foods, such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, legumes, and nuts, while minimizing or eliminating animal products.
A flexible approach to vegetarianism, the flexitarian diet encourages mostly plant-based eating while allowing for occasional consumption of meat and other animal products.
Utilizes a points system to assign values to foods based on their nutritional content. It emphasizes a balanced and flexible approach to eating.